Pack 11: Product Defence eDocs

£190.00 (plus VAT)

The subject of food defence or product defence is relatively new to the food industry.

Vulnerability (VACCP) is used when assessing fraud. This only applies to materials before they arrive with you. This requires a vulnerability assessment to produce a fraud mitigation plan.

Threat (TACCP) is used when assessing malicious contamination. This applies to the materials and the finished product while it’s under your control – this means while it’s your responsibility. Which is typically, from the point of delivery of the material to you, throughout the process, to delivery of the finished product to your customer. This requires a threat assessment to produce a security plan.

This pack brings the elements of vulnerability assessment, threat assessment, fraud mitigation plan and the security plan together, under one umbrella of product defence.

This pack has been written to meet the following sections of the Standards:

Food Safety
Issue 8
Issue 6
Agents & Brokers
Issue 2
Storage & Distribution
Issue 4
4.2 Site security and food defence


5.4 Product authenticity, claims and chain of custody

4.4 Site security and product defence


3.8 Product authenticity, claims and chain of custody

4.3 Product security/food defence


4.8 Product authenticity

4.2 Site security and product defence

5.2.1, 5.2.2, 5.2.3 Vehicle security

3.5.3 Product fraud risk management

10.3.3 Product fraud risk management

Written by the experts…

TACCP & VACCP Demystified


These are relatively new terms and cause a lot of confusion:

TACCP is ‘Threat Assessment & Critical Control Point’

VACCP is ‘Vulnerability Assessment & Critical Control Point’

TermType of risk assessmentPurposeApplies toResults in
VACCPVulnerability assessmentProduct fraudRaw materials prior to their delivery to youFraud mitigation plan
TACCPThreat assessmentProduct securityProduct security while it’s in your controlSecurity plan

We don’t use the terms; TACCP and VACCP, as the CCP stands for critical control point and there is no such thing in either system. However, these terms seem to have stuck and get used a lot, so you just need to know the difference between them.


Fraud is an intentional act for financial gain, usually involving the substitution or adulteration of a product with a substandard, cheaper material.

To mitigate the risk, a vulnerability assessment should identify vulnerable points in the supply chain, prior to the arrival of the material with you. This results in a fraud mitigation plan, to reduce the risk of adulterated materials being received.


The purpose of the product defence sections of the standards, is to protect the product from malicious contamination and theft – using security measures.

GFSI define product defence as “Procedures adopted to ensure the safety of raw materials and products from malicious contamination or theft.”

We believe product defence is a collective term used to describe product security and product fraud.


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